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Rules Defined by DGCA for Packing Dangerous Goods for Air Cargo Transport in Ind

The Aircraft (Carriage of Dangerous Goods) Rules defined by DGCA regulate cargo transport in India and were introduced in the year 2003. In it, DGCA has clearly defined essential rules to be followed by every shipper as well as airline operator, while transporting dangerous goods via air in India. Dangerous goods, as defined by DGCA are goods which are capable of causing harm to health, safety, property or the environment. Hence, proper packaging is one of the most important criteria that needs to be taken care of while transporting such goods.

There are 6 essential rules mentioned in Section 5 of The Aircraft (Carriage of Dangerous Goods) Rules for packing of dangerous goods. Listed below is a breakdown of the rules described by DGCA for packing dangerous goods to be followed by shippers and every air cargo transportation service in India:

  1. Rule no. 1 requires the shipper to pack the goods according to its technical requirements. Every shipper must follow the Technical Instructions associated with the product and pack the shipment accordingly.

  2. The packaging of the dangerous substance should be neat. It should be ensured that no harmful quantity of the dangerous substance sticks or adheres to the outer surface of the package.

  3. The quality of the package must be good and reliable. It should be ensured that the package should be leak proof and can withstand changes in temperature, humidity, pressure, or vibrations, normally caused during air transport.

  4. The fourth rule states that the packaging must be suitable and compatible with the contents of the packaging and should be resistant to any chemical or any other harmful reaction caused by the goods. This rule is further divided into three parts:

  1. The material and the construction of the packaging must be according to the Technical Instructions provided by the manufacturer of the dangerous good.

  2. Packaging should be tested in accordance with the specifications mentioned in the Technical Instructions provided with the good, before being shipped.

  3. In case, the dangerous good to be transported is in liquid form, the packaging must be able to retain the liquid, prevent leaking, and withstand the amount of pressure specified in the Technical Instructions.

  1. The inner part of the packaging should be secured or cushioned properly, so as to, avoid any kind of breakage or leakage. The inner cushioning should also be able to resist the movement of the inner contents of the packaging under normal conditions during an air transport. Lastly, the material used for inner cushioning should not react adversely to the dangerous good packed in it.

  2. The packaging used for transportation of dangerous goods can be re-used only under two conditions:

  1. The packaging has been thoroughly inspected and is free from any kind of damage or corrosion

  2. The packaging has been sterilized to prevent any kind of reaction or contamination to the subsequent dangerous good to be transported

The transportation of dangerous goods, are at times very necessary but, possess an imminent danger to life, property, and the environment. Hence, DGCA has defined these stringent rules to ensure minimum risk and avoid any kind of loss during transportation of such goods. Therefore, it is necessary for every shipper and service provider dealing with cargo transport in India to adhere to these guidelines.

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